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Grant Agreement

776276

Acronym

PLANMAP

Project full title

Planetary mapping



Deliverable

D 2.2

Deliverable Name

Geomorphological maps

Nature of deliverable

R

Dissemination level

PU

Scheduled delivery date

31st May 2019

Status

FINAL



Prepared by:

Verified by:

Approved by:



Table of Contents

Executive summary

We report here on the delivery of geomorphological (or morphostratigraphic) maps of regions on Mercury, the Moon and Mars as a result of Planmap activities and conforming to the Planmap mapping standards document. These are the first tranche of maps to be delivered as D2.2.

List of Acronyms

AcronymDescription
ESAEuropean Space Agency
JAXA

Japan Aerospace eXploration Agency

MESSENGERMErcury Surface, Space Environment, GEochemistry and Ranging
NASANational Aeronautics and Space Administration

Introduction

We document here the geomorphological (or morphostratigraphic) maps delivered in the first tranche of such products within this project. There are 3 new maps covering parts of Mercury (plus one previous map), 2 for the Moon, and 2 for Mars.

...

PM-MER-MS-H05_3cc_01 - Hokusai Quadrangle (H05), 3-crater-classes map


FieldDescription
Map name (PM_ID)PM-MER-MS-H05_3cc_01
Target bodyMercury
Title of mapGeological map of the Hokusai Quadrangle (H05), Mercury
Bounding box - Min Lat22.5°N
Bounding box - Max Lat65°N
Bounding box - Min Lon (0-360)
Bounding box - Max Lon (0-360)90°E
Author(s)Jack Wright; David A. Rothery; Matt R. Balme; Susan J. Conway
TypeAccepted
Output scale1:3M
Original Coordinate Reference System

Lambert conformal conic

Center longitude: 45°E

Standard parallel 1: 30°N

Standard parallel 2: 58°N

Datum: 2440 km (non-IAU, MESSENGER team datum)

Data used

MESSENGER MDIS BDR v0 uncontrolled basemap (166 m/pixel)

MESSENGER MDIS HIW v0 uncontrolled basemap (166 m/pixel)

MESSENGER MDIS HIE v0 uncontrolled basemap (166 m/pixel)

MESSENGER MDIS LOI v2 uncontrolled basemap (166 m/pixel)

MESSENGER MDIS 2013 complete uncontrolled basemap (250 m/pixel)

Mariner 10 + MESSENGER flyby uncontrolled basemap (USGS) (500 m/pixel)

MESSENGER MDIS enhanced color mosaic (665 m/pixel)

MESSENGER MDIS MD3 colour basemap (333 m/pixel)

MESSENGER MLA DTM (665 m)

MESSENGER global MDIS stereo-DTM (665 m/pixel)

MESSENGER H05 DLR MDIS stereo-DTM (222 m/pixel)

Standards adhered toPlanmap mapping standards document
DOI10.1080/17445647.2019.162582
Aims (one sentence)Morpho-stratigraphic analysis of Mercury's units and BepiColombo target selection.
Short descriptionThe Hokusai (H05) quadrangle is in Mercury’s mid-northern latitudes (0–90°E, 22.5–65°N) and covers almost 5 million km2, or 6.5%, of the planet’s surface. We have used data from the MESSENGER spacecraft to make the first geological map of H05. Linework was digitized at the 1:400,000 scale for final presentation at the 1:3,000,000 scale, mainly using a ~166 m/pixel monochrome basemap. Three major photogeologic units of regional extent were mapped: intercrater, intermediate, and smooth plains. Materials of craters ≥ 20 km in diameter were classified according to their degradation state. Two classification schemes were employed in parallel, one with three classes and the other with five classes, for compatibility with existing MESSENGER-era quadrangle maps and the first global geologic map. This map will provide science context and targets for the ESA-JAXA BepiColombo mission to Mercury.
Related products (cross link to other Planmap products)Geologic Map of the Victoria Quadrangle (H02), Mercury
Units Definition

Smooth Plains, sp, 255-190-190

Intermediate Plains, imp, 245-122-122

Intercrater Plains, icp, 137-90-68

Crater material-well preserved, C3, 255-255-115

Crater material-degraded, C2, 92-137-68

Crater material-heavily degraded, C1, 115-0-0

Degraded catenae, dc, 223-128-255

Crater floor material-smooth, cfs, 255-255-175

Crater floor material-hummocky, cfh, 205-170-102

Stratigraphic info (e.g. production function used)N/A
Other comments (reviewer comments, notes on post-processing)None.
Heritage usedNone.
Link to other repositories<Links to Open University repositories (ORO/ORDO) when available>
Acknowledgements beyond PlanmapThis research was initially funded by the UK Science and Technology Facilities Council (STFC). Wright was funded by an STFC PhD studentship (ST/N50421X/1) and is also grateful to the British Society for Geomorphology, UK Remote Sensing and Photogrammetry Society, and Royal Astronomical Society for providing additional funding during the completion of this study.

PM-MER-MS-H05_5cc_01 - Hokusai Quadrangle (H05), 5-crater-classes map


FieldDescription
Map name (PM_ID)

PM-MER-MS-H05_5cc_01

Target bodyMercury
Title of mapGeological map of the Hokusai Quadrangle (H05), Mercury
Bounding box - Min Lat22.5°N
Bounding box - Max Lat65°N
Bounding box - Min Lon (0-360)
Bounding box - Max Lon (0-360)90°E
Author(s)Jack Wright; David A. Rothery; Matt R. Balme; Susan J. Conway
TypeAccepted
Output scale1:3M
Original Coordinate Reference System

Lambert conformal conic

Center longitude: 45°E

Standard parallel 1: 30°N

Standard parallel 2: 58°N

Datum: 2440 km (non-IAU, MESSENGER team datum)

Data used

MESSENGER MDIS BDR v0 uncontrolled basemap (166 m/pixel)

MESSENGER MDIS HIW v0 uncontrolled basemap (166 m/pixel)

MESSENGER MDIS HIE v0 uncontrolled basemap (166 m/pixel)

MESSENGER MDIS LOI v2 uncontrolled basemap (166 m/pixel)

MESSENGER MDIS 2013 complete uncontrolled basemap (250 m/pixel)

Mariner 10 + MESSENGER flyby uncontrolled basemap (USGS) (500 m/pixel)

MESSENGER MDIS enhanced color mosaic (665 m/pixel)

MESSENGER MDIS MD3 colour basemap (333 m/pixel)

MESSENGER MLA DTM (665 m)

MESSENGER global MDIS stereo-DTM (665 m/pixel)

MESSENGER H05 DLR MDIS stereo-DTM (222 m/pixel)

Standards adhered toPlanmap mapping standards document
DOI10.1080/17445647.2019.162582
Aims (one sentence)Morpho-stratigraphic analysis of Mercury's units and BepiColombo target selection.
Short descriptionThe Hokusai (H05) quadrangle is in Mercury’s mid-northern latitudes (0–90°E, 22.5–65°N) and covers almost 5 million km2, or 6.5%, of the planet’s surface. We have used data from the MESSENGER spacecraft to make the first geological map of H05. Linework was digitized at the 1:400,000 scale for final presentation at the 1:3,000,000 scale, mainly using a ~166 m/pixel monochrome basemap. Three major photogeologic units of regional extent were mapped: intercrater, intermediate, and smooth plains. Materials of craters ≥ 20 km in diameter were classified according to their degradation state. Two classification schemes were employed in parallel, one with three classes and the other with five classes, for compatibility with existing MESSENGER-era quadrangle maps and the first global geologic map. This map will provide science context and targets for the ESA-JAXA BepiColombo mission to Mercury.
Related products (cross link to other Planmap products)Geologic Map of the Victoria Quadrangle (H02), Mercury
Units Definition

Smooth Plains, sp, 255-190-190

Intermediate Plains, imp, 245-122-122

Intercrater Plains, icp, 137-90-68

Crater material-pristine, c5, 255-170-0

Crater material-well-preserved, c4, 223-115-255

Crater material- somewhat degraded, c3, 92-137-68

Crater material-quite degraded, c2, 115-178-255

Crater material-heavily degraded, c1, 190-210-255

Degraded catenae, dc, 0-153-0

Crater floor material-smooth, cfs, 255-255-175

Crater floor material-hummocky, cfh, 205-170-102

Stratigraphic info (e.g. production function used)N/A
Other comments (reviewer comments, notes on post-processing)None.
Heritage usedPM-MER-MS-H05_3cc_01
Link to other repositories<Links to Open University repositories (ORO/ORDO) when available>
Acknowledgements beyond PlanmapThis research was initially funded by the UK Science and Technology Facilities Council (STFC). Wright was funded by an STFC PhD studentship (ST/N50421X/1) and is also grateful to the British Society for Geomorphology, UK Remote Sensing and Photogrammetry Society, and Royal Astronomical Society for providing additional funding during the completion of this study.

PM-MER-MSG-Rembrandt_01 - Rembrandt Basin


FieldDescription
Map name (PM_ID)PM-MER-MSG-Rembrandt_01
Target bodyMercury
Title of mapGeologic Map of the Rembrandt basin, Mercury
Bounding box - Min Lat-51.7°N
Bounding box - Max Lat-10°N
Bounding box - Min Lon (0-360)65.75°E
Bounding box - Max Lon (0-360)110°E
Author(s)Andrea Semenzato; Matteo Massironi; Valentina Galluzzi; David A. Rothery; David Pegg; Sabrina Ferrari; Riccardo Pozzobon
TypePreliminary, Released
Output scalePublication scale
Original Coordinate Reference System

Lambert Conformal Conic

Center longitude: 87°E

Standard parallel 1: 26°S

Standard parallel 2: 40°S

Datum: 2439.4 km (Perry et al., 2015)

Data used

MESSENGER MDIS BDR (v1) (166m/pixel)

MESSENGER MDIS BDR (v2) (166m/pixel)

MESSENGER MDIS Low-incidence angle - LOI Global Mosaic (v1) (166m/pixel)

MESSENGER MDIS High-incidence angle East - HIE (v2) (166m/pixel)

MESSENGER MDIS High-incidence angle West - HIW (v2) (166m/pixel)

MESSENGER MDIS Enhanced Color(665 m/pixel)

MESSENGER MDIS MD3-Color (665 m/pixel)

MESSENGER MDIS MDR 8-Color(665 m/pixel)

MESSENGER Global DEM (v2) (665 m/pixel)

Standards adhered toPlanmap mapping standards document
DOI
Aims (one sentence)Morpho-stratigraphic analysis of the geologic units related to the Rembrandt basin and the surrounding area, and BepiColombo target selection.
Short description

The ~715-km-diameter Rembrandt basin is known as the second largest well-preserved basin on Mercury after the almost contemporaneous Caloris basin (~1550 km). Several distinct geologic units can be identified inside and outside the basin, with different morpho-stratigraphic characteristics. Most of these units can be associated with the geologic processes that are related to the basin impact event.

Moreover, the Rembrandt basin is peculiarly cross-cut by an extensive lobate scarp, named Enterprise Rupes, which played an important role in the post-impact modification process that shaped the basin.

The improvements of imagery data provided by the NASA MESSENGER spacecraft offer the possibility to unravel this complex series of events. In fact, these events constitute the stratigraphic evolution of the Rembrandt basin and are part of the geologic history of the planet itself.

Related products (cross link to other Planmap products)

Geologic Map of the Hokusai Quadrangle (H05), Mercury

Geologic Map of the Victoria Quadrangle (H02), Mercury (pre-Planmap)

Geologic Map of the Shakespeare Quadrangle (H03), Mercury (pre-Planmap)

Geologic Map of the Ratitladi Quadrangle (H04), Mercury (pre-Planmap)

Units Definition

Proximal ejecta, PE, 76-230-0

Hummocky material, HM, 0-115-76

Striped-ejecta deposits, STR, 56-168-0

Interior smooth plains, ISP, 255-255-0

Exterior smooth plains, ESP, 255-135-0

Exterior intermediate smooth plains, EIP, 115-178-255

Intercrater plains, IT, 115-38-0

Crater material-well preserved, C3, 255-255-115

Crater material-degraded, C2, 92-137-68

Crater material-heavily degraded, C1, 0-31-77

Crater material-smooth crater floor, SCF, 255-235-175

Crater material-hummocky crater floor, HCF, 205-170-102

Stratigraphic info (e.g. production function used)
Other comments (reviewer comments, notes on post-processing)
Heritage used
Link to other repositories
Acknowledgements beyond Planmap



Moon

PM-MOO-MS-SPAApollo_01 - SPA Apollo Basin


FieldDescription
Map name (PM_ID)

PM-MOO-MS-SPAApollo_01

Target bodyMoon
Title of mapApollo Basin, Northern South Pole-Aitken Basin
Bounding box - Min Lat-60
Bounding box - Max Lat-10
Bounding box - Min Lon (0-360)185
Bounding box - Max Lon (0-360)235
Author(s)Ivanov M. A., H. Hiesinger, C. H. van der Bogert, C. Orgel, J. H. Pasckert, and J. W. Head
TypePublished
Output scale1:500000
Original Coordinate Reference SystemCRS
Data usedLunar Reconnaissance Orbiter Wide Angle Camera Global Mosaic, Lunar Orbiter Laser Altimeter Digital Terrain Model
Standards adhered toUSGS Planetary Geologic Mapping Protocol (2018)
DOIhttps://doi.org/10.1029/2018JE005590
Aims (one sentence)To gain an understanding of the geological history and evolution of the South Pole-Aitken Basin
Short descriptionGeologic map of the northern portion of the South Pole-Aitken basin on the Moon
Related products (cross link to other Planmap products)
Units Definition

Apl_craters_50km

Apl_graben, 1 px line, (0, 0, 0)

Apl_large_crater_rims, 0.5 px dashed line (0, 0, 0)

Apl_Apollo_rim, 1 px dashed line (0, 0, 0)

Apl_domes, (168, 0, 0)

Apl_crater_collapsed_floor, (38, 115, 0)

Apl_crater_fractured_floor, (255, 85, 0)

Apl_Strat_01_Cc, Cc, (255, 255, 0)

Apl_Strat_02_Ec, Ec, (100, 235, 33)

Apl_Strat_03_UIdp, UIdp, (197, 82, 230)

Apl_Strat_04_UIlp_SPA-f, UIlp, (233, 176, 240)

Apl_Strat_05_Ilp, Ilp, (56, 221, 200)

Apl_Strat_06_UIc, UIc, (200, 240, 255)

Apl_Strat_07_LIo, LIo, (130, 166, 208)

Apl_Strat_08_LIc, LIc, (40, 69, 181)

Apl_Strat_13_LIlr_SPA , LIlr, (96, 129, 255)

Apl_Strat_09_NpNc, NpNc, (212, 197, 150)

Apl_Strat_10_pNlrr_APL, pNlrr_APL, (239, 176, 134)

Apl_Strat_12_pN_APLrm, pNrm_APL, (127, 50, 11)

Apl_Strat_14_pNm_SPAf, pNm_SPAf, (176, 99, 48)

Apl_Strat_15_pNm_SPAr, pNm_SPAr, (182, 159, 148)

Apl_Strat_16_pN_SPArm, pN_SPArm, (123, 118, 111)

Stratigraphic info (e.g. production function used)Neukum et al. (2001)
Other comments (reviewer comments, notes on post-processing)
Heritage used
Link to other repositoriesAll data relevant to this work are available at: http://www.planetology.ru. The following link can be used to download an archive with all data that are relevant to our paper: https://brownbox.brown.edu/download.php?hash=8db5bd78
Acknowledgements beyond PlanmapM. A. I. was supported by the German Science Foundation (Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft–DFG) grant HI 1410\12-1 and Russian Science Foundation (grant 17-17-01149). H. H. and C. vd. B. were supported by German Space Agency (Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahr–DLR) project 50OW1504 and as part of a project that has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement N°776276 (PLANMAP). C. O.
was funded by DFG SFB-TRR-170 A3.

PM-MOO-MS-Copernicus_01 - Copernicus crater

FieldDescription
Map name (PM_ID)PM-MOO-MS-Ccopernicus_01
Target bodyMoon
Title of mapGeological Map of Copernicus Crater
Bounding box - Min Lat8.03°N  20.1°E
Bounding box - Max Lat11.2°N  20.1°E
Bounding box - Min Lon (0-360)9.6°N   -21.7°E
Bounding box - Max Lon (0-360)9.6°N  -18.5°E
Author(s)Filippo Tusberti, Riccardo Pozzobon Matteo Massironi
TypePreliminary, Released
Output scale
Publication scale
1:400.000
Original Coordinate Reference System

GCS Moon (R: 1737400)

Datum: D_moon
Data used

LROC-WAC (100m/p)

 

LROC-NAC (0.5m/p)

 

LRO LOLA & KAGUYA DEM (59m/p)

 

CLEMENTINE UVVIS (200m/p)

  • RED=750/415nm
  • GREEN=750/1000nm
  • BLUE=415/750nm
Standards adhered toPlanmap mapping standards document
DOI
Aims (one sentence)Geological mapping, possible landing site characterization
Short description

Copernicus is a Moon’s complex crater of about 96 Km diameter, located south of Imbrium basin. It shows an almost circular shape, a central peak, a flat floor and well-developed wall terraces. We have used different data to identify various units and features and generate a geological map. Among the units mapped we can find: 5 main floor units (Hummocky material 1, Hummocky material 2, Smooth material 1, Smooth material 2, Central Peak material) mapped both using morphology and spectral information; 2 main Wall units (Terraces and Gentle Scarps, Steep Scarps) and Linear landforms like Open fractures or Rim and Wall faults. In addition to them, there are some other units less frequent but equally important, which can be found within the legend and map.

Related products (cross link to other Planmap products)
Units Definition

SURROUNDING TERRAINS, Tt, 255-235-175

VOLCANIC FIELD, Vf, 255-255-0

 

MOUNDS AND BLOCKS, Md, 0-92-230

 

CINDER CONE, Ci, 255-170-0

 

CRATER FLOOR, Ccf, 255-0-197

 

CRATER’S EJECTA, Cce, 255-190-232

 

SMOOTH FLOOR MATERIAL1, Sf1, 115-255-223

 

SMOOTH FLOOR MATERIAL2, Sf2, 190-255-232

 

HUMMOCKY FLOOR MATERIAL1, Hf1, 137-112-68

 

HUMMOCKY FLOOR MATERIAL2, Hf2, 245-202-122

 

CENTRAL PEAK, Cp, 0-115-76

 

MELT POOL, Mp, 255-0-0

 

LOBATE FLOW OR CHANNEL MATERIAL, Lc, 137-68-68

 

TERRACES AND GENTLE SCARPS, St, 211-255-190

 

STEEP SCARPS, Ss, 38-115-0

Stratigraphic info (e.g. production function used)
Other comments (reviewer comments, notes on post-processing)
Heritage usedK.A. Howard 1975. Geologic map of crater Copernicus.USGS
Link to other repositories
Acknowledgements beyond Planmap


Mars

PM-MAR-MS-Crommelin_01 - Crommelin crater


FieldDescription
Map name (PM_ID)PM-MAR-MS-Crommelin_01
Target bodyMars
Title of mapGeological Map of the Crommelin Crater, Mars
Bounding box - Min Lat

3d58'11.74"N

Bounding box - Max Lat6d13'39.41"N
Bounding box - Min Lon (0-360)11d 9' 8.27"W
Bounding box - Max Lon (0-360)9d 0'42.45"W
Author(s)D. Pesce, R. Pozzobon, M. Massironi
TypePreliminary
Output scale1:160.000
Original Coordinate Reference System

Projected Coordinate System: Equirectangular

Projection: Plate_Carree

false_easting: 0.00000000

false_northing: 0.00000000

central_meridian: 0.00000000

Linear Unit: Meter

Geographic Coordinate System: GCS_Geographic_Coordinate_System

Datum: D_MARS

Prime Meridian: Reference Meridian Angular Unit: Degree

Data used

MOLA Elevation Model MEGDR (463 m/pixel)


HRSC stereo DTM (100 m)


CTX images (6 m/pixel)


CTX DTM (18 m)


HiRISE RED (0,25 m/pixel)


MOC NASDP (1.5 – 6 m/pixel)
Standards adhered toMapping scale: Tobler (1987), Planmap mapping standards document
DOI
Aims (one sentence)

Morpho-stratigraphic mapping

Short descriptionThis is a morphostratigraphic map of the interior of Crommelin crater on Mars, which is of interest because of the prominent bulging and the well–exposed stratigraphic sequence in its interior
Related products (cross link to other Planmap products)
Units Definition

Aeolian deposits, AD

- Very dark toned, AD1, 78-78-78

- Mid dark toned, AD2, 104-104-104


Secondary craters related material, SC

- Radial material, SC1, 0-168-132

- Rim material, SC2, 102-205-171

- Crater floor, SC3, 68-137-112


Layered deposits units, LD

- Thick layers, low albedo, LD1, 115-38-0

- Thin layers, mid albedo, LD2, 137-68-68


Crater Bulge units, CB

- Irregularly layered, CB1, 235-179-102

- Fibrous/pitted, CB2, 245-202-122

- Rugged, mesa forming, CB3, 255-241-161


Rim Related Material, RM

- Eroded, yardang forming, RM1, 204-204-255

- Bumpy, mid to low albedo, RM2, 68-101-137

- Bumpy, high albedo, RM3, 102-153-205


Surrounding Plains, ST, 214-196-191

Stratigraphic info (e.g. production function used)N/A
Other comments (reviewer comments, notes on post-processing)
Heritage usedN/A
Link to other repositories
Acknowledgements beyond PlanmapN/A


PM-MAR-MS-Arsinoes_01 - Arsinoes and Pyrrhae Chaos


FieldField description (and example entries)Notesspecific or exclusive WP use
Map name (PM_ID)PM-MAR-MS-Arsinoes_01MandatoryALL
Target bodyMarsMandatoryALL
Title of mapGeological Map of Arsinoes and Pyrrhae Chaos, MarsMandatoryALL
Bounding box - Min Lat

-12

MandatoryWP7
Bounding box - Max Lat-5.8MandatoryWP7
Bounding box - Min Lon (0-360)329.7MandatoryWP7
Bounding box - Max Lon (0-360)334.5MandatoryWP7
Author(s)E. Luzzi, A.P. RossiMandatoryALL
TypePreliminaryMandatoryALL
Output scale1:3.000.000MandatoryALL
Original Coordinate Reference System

Projected Coordinate System: Equirectangular

Projection: Plate_Carree

false_easting: 0.00000000

false_northing: 0.00000000

central_meridian: 0.00000000

Linear Unit: Meter

Geographic Coordinate System: GCS_Geographic_Coordinate_System

Datum: D_MARS

Prime Meridian: Reference Meridian Angular Unit: Degree

MandatoryWP7
Data used

MOLA Elevation Model MEGDR (463 m/pixel)

CTX mosaic by MurrayLab

CTX DTM (18 m)

HiRISE RED (0,25 m/pixel)

MandatoryALL
Standards adhered toPlanmap mapping standards documentMandatoryALL
DOI
OptionalWP7
Aims (one sentence)

Morpho-stratigraphic mapping

MandatoryWP2/3
Short descriptionThis map shows the contacts between the disrupted bedrock of the Chaotic terrain Units and the overlying sedimentary units. In addition, it shows the distribution of the graben/fissures and pit chains that are probably related to an intense past of magmatic activity and caldera collapse. In order to better characterize the mineralogical characteristics of the occurring deposits, also spectral analyses were tried out on the only available CRISM cube in the area (still in progress) MandatoryALL
Related products (cross link to other Planmap products)
OptionalWP7
Units Definition

Post-collapse craters, PCC, 51-160-44


Cap Unit, CAP, 182-162-255


Light-toned Layered deposits units, LLD, 77-205-255


High Thermal Inertia Chaotic terrain, ChH, 227-28-28


Knobby Terrain, ChK, 255-127-0


Fractured Plains, ChF, 255-238-3

MandatoryALL
Stratigraphic info (e.g. production function used)N/AOptionalALL
Other comments (reviewer comments, notes on post-processing)
OptionalINTERNAL ONLY
Heritage usedGlotch and Christensen 2005OptionalWP2/3
Link to other repositories
OptionalWP7
Acknowledgments beyond PlanmapN/AOptionalWP7


References

Brandt, C. H., Rossi, A. P. and the Planmap consortium (2019b) D7.2, Planmap Data Fusion Portal, Planmap deliverable, available online at D7.2-public, https://data.planmap.eu/ - https://maps.planmap.eu/

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